Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 1 dạng Line Graph (Phần 25)

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Trong phần thi IELTS Writing Task 1, một trong những dạng đề thường gặp là biểu đồ đường (line graph). Nhằm giúp các bạn học viên tham khảo và ôn tập tốt cho bài thi IELTS Writing sắp tới, TutorIn Education đã sưu tầm series Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 1 dạng Line Graph. Cùng đến với Phần 25 của loạt bài này nhé!

Đề bài IELTS Writing Task 1 dạng Line Graph

The graph below shows Japan’s population by age groups starting in 1960 and a forecast to 2040. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Bài viết mẫu IELTS Writing Task 1 dạng Line graph

Introduction

The line graph indicates how the Japanese population changed by different age groups from 1960 to 2040.

Overview

Overall, the percentages of people aged 0-14 and 15-64 witness downward trends over the 80 years, while the proportion of those who are 65 and over experience an opposite trend.

Body Paragraph 1

In 1960, the proportion of people aged 15-64 started at about 65%, followed by a slight fluctuation during the next 30 years before falling to around 58% in 2020. This figure is projected to experience a fall at about 52% by 2030, finally coming back to around 55% of the total population in 2040. The figures for those aged 0-14 showed a similar pattern, beginning at 30% in 1960 and increasing by 5% in 1970. This figure is estimated to drop to about 10% by 2040.

Body Paragraph 2

In contrast, the percentage of people aged over 65 accounted for only 5% in 1960. Following that, the figure witnessed a significant increase, surmounting that of 0-14 age group in 2015 and reaching to 30% in 2020. It is forecast that approximately 35% of Japan’s population will fall into this age group by 2040.

Từ vựng tích lũy IELTS Writing Task 1

Từ vựng/Cụm từ vựngNghĩa Tiếng ViệtVí dụ trong bài
indicateschỉ raThe line graph indicates how the Japanese population changed by different age groups from 1960 to 2040.
witness downward trendschứng kiến xu hướng giảmThe percentages of people aged 0-14 and 15-64 witness downward trends over the 80 years.
slight fluctuationdao động nhẹFollowed by a slight fluctuation during the next 30 years before falling to around 58% in 2020.
significant increasesự tăng đáng kểFollowing that, the figure witnessed a significant increase.
surmountingvượt quaSurmounting that of 0-14 age group in 2015 and reaching 30% in 2020.
forecastdự báoIt is forecast that approximately 35% of Japan’s population will fall into this age group by 2040.
accounted forchiếmThe percentage of people aged over 65 accounted for only 5% in 1960.

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