Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 dạng Opinion Essay (Phần 36)

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Trong phần thi IELTS Writing Task 2, thí sinh sẽ thường xuyên bắt gặp dạng đề Opinion Essay (Agree or Disagree). Nhằm giúp các bạn học viên tham khảo và ôn tập tốt cho bài thi IELTS Writing sắp tới, TutorIn Education đã sưu tầm series Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 dạng Opinion Essay. Cùng đến với Phần 36 của loạt bài này nhé!

Đề bài IELTS Writing Task 2 dạng Opinion Essay

Housing shortage in big cities can cause severe social consequences. Some people think only government actions can solve this problem. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Bài viết mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 dạng Opinion Essay

Introduction

Along with the urban sprawl over recent decades, the housing deficit has become an increasing concern and has been linked to poverty, pollution and health conditions. This problem, according to some, can only be resolved when the authorities are involved. Is this view justifiable?

Body Paragraph 1

Government funding and policy preferences can tackle issues arising from insufficient housing supply. The main reason for this is that local councils regulate land ownership, building specifications and many other prerequisites of real estate development. If they incentivise high-rise building blocks and restrict permits for less space-efficient alternatives, this can effectively raise the number of housing units available on the market. Additionally, to reduce the population density in cities, long-term solutions can only be implemented with functional zoning. An example of this is relocating industries or residential zones to the outskirt, a large-scale project unachievable without government involvement in the planning and implementation processes.

Body Paragraph 2

Alternatives to government-led initiatives are, in comparison, much less effective and scalable. The most cited approach is reliance on the private sector. Although, this could mean increased investment in new houses and apartment blocks, but real estate developers tend to prioritize profitability over affordability. Moreover, another possibility is that in the face of high-cost urban living, low- and moderate-income families may choose to reside in suburbs instead. While, this might reduce the financial burden on them, but the associated problems, such as prolonged commutes, may render living off-centre impractical for those who have to travel to the city centre.

Conclusion

In general, the magnitude of housing scarcity means that an effective solution likely requires substantial government commitment. With preferential policies and investments, it remains hopeful that the local councils will overcome the deficit and offer comfortable living spaces for the community.

Các từ vựng và cụm từ hữu ích trong bài viết IELTS Writing mẫu

Từ/Cụm từ vựngNghĩa Tiếng ViệtVí dụ trong bài
urban sprawlsự bành trướng đô thịAlong with the urban sprawl over recent decades,…
poverty, pollution and health conditionsnghèo đói, ô nhiễm và điều kiện sức khỏe…has been linked to poverty, pollution, and health conditions.
government funding and policy preferencestài trợ và ưu tiên chính sách của chính phủGovernment funding and policy preferences can tackle issues arising from…
regulate land ownershipquản lý quyền sở hữu đất đai…local councils regulate land ownership, building specifications and…
incentivise high-rise building blockskhuyến khích xây dựng các tòa nhà cao tầngIf they incentivise high-rise building blocks and restrict permits for…
functional zoningphân khu chức năng…functional zoning. An example of this is relocating industries or…
government involvementsự tham gia của chính phủ…without government involvement in the planning and implementation processes.
local councilshội đồng địa phương…it remains hopeful that the local councils will overcome the deficit…
comfortable living spaceskhông gian sống thoải mái…offer comfortable living spaces for the community.

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